Balance of Payments Statistics

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In the broadest terms, Balance of Payments is a statistical report prepared to show the systematic records of economic transactions between residents of a country with residents of another country (non-residents) over a certain period of time. The international standards regarding the compilation of the balance of payments statistics are defined in the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual prepared by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to provide guidance to member countries. These standards ensure comparability of the balance of payments statistics among countries.

Turkish Balance of Payments statistics are issued on a monthly basis and compiled based on the 6th edition of the IMF's Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual released in 2009.

Data are available as time series in EVDS. Click here for access.

Balance of Payments Developments - August 2020

Current Account

  • The current account posted USD 4,631 million deficit compared to USD 3,314 million surplus observed in the same month of 2019, bringing the 12-month rolling deficit to USD 23,203 million.
  • This development is mainly driven by the net outflow of USD 5,347 million in the good deficit increasing by USD 3,948 million, as well as the net inflow of USD 1,179 million in services item decreasing by USD 4,602 million compared to the same month of the previous year.
  • Gold and energy excluded current account indicated USD 973 million surplus, in comparison to USD 6,249 million surplus observed in the same month of the previous year.
  • Primary income recorded net outflow of USD 570 million decreasing by USD 589 million compared to the same month of the previous year.
  • Secondary income recorded net inflow of USD 107 million increasing by USD 16 million compared to the same month of the previous year.

Financial Account

  • Direct investment recorded a net inflow of USD 374 million.
  • Portfolio investment recorded a net outflow of USD 1,973 million. As regards to sub-items through liabilities, both non-residents’ equity securities and government domestic debt securities transactions recorded net sales of USD 1,007 million and USD 502 million, respectively.
  • Regarding the bond issues in international capital markets, banks realized net borrowing of USD 286 million, while other sectors realized net repayments of USD 17 million.
  • Under other investment, banks’ currency and deposits within their foreign correspondent banks and nonresident banks’ deposits held within domestic banks increased by USD 1,980 million and USD 2,288 million, respectively, on net basis.
  • Regarding the loans provided from abroad, banks, General Government and other sectors realized net repayments of USD 100 million, USD 62 million and USD 774 million, respectively.
  • Official reserves recorded net outflow of USD 7,602 million.

Data - August 2020

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Methodological Changes

Future Revisions

Note on the Changeover to the 6th Edition of the Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6)